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"All the faithful, both clerical and lay, should be accorded a lawful freedom of research, freedom of thought and freedom of expression."

Gaudium et Spes, no 62.

God in our modern world

Lines of research

The numbering is arbitrary, the findings are preliminary.

2.1 How do Religion and Science relate to each other?

FINDING. While concerned about the same reality, Religion has a different focus from Science. Start from here.

2.2 Are Creation and Evolution incompatible?

FINDING. Evolution dismantles anthropomorphic ideas of a Creator God, but does not disprove the need of Creation itself. Start from here.

2.3 What are the implications of us having a sense of responsibility and a conscience?

FINDING. Conscience points to principles of right and wrong that lie beyond our control. Start from here.

2.4 Is the Reality we call God a 'Personal' God? And does 'Incarnation' make sense in today's world?

FINDING. Though lying outside the scope of scientific probing, a 'Personal' God establishing contact with us does make sense. Start from here.

2.5 Does the Christian belief that 'God is Love' contradict the fact of evil and suffering in our lives?

FINDING. Belief that 'God is Love', though not solving the full mystery of human existence, provides new meaning in a world full of paradox. Start from here.

2.6 What is the value of approaching God as the deepest source of our being within us, as advocated by oriental religions?

FINDING. The approach to God as our deepest Self is helpful in many ways. Start from here.

2.7 What can we learn from the Sufi understanding of God as the Inner Judge?

FINDING. The teachings of Al-Ghazali and other Sufi masters still have their validity today. Start from here.

2.8 How do various stages in human thinking affect the perception of Religion?

FINDING. The transition from mythopoic thinking to metaphysical thinking and then to functional thinking greatly affect the perception of religion. Start from here.

2.9 Can spiritual experiences evidence our being in touch with 'the Other', the 'Spirit', the origin of 'Love'?

FINDING. Spiritual experiences can, at times, tell us more about ultimate reality than mental speculations. Start from here.

2.10 Is it worthwhile studying the example of mystics?

FINDING. Yes it is. In so many different ways mystics help us to look at our life with different eyes. Start from here.

2.11 Is there a simple methodology of deepening reflection and prayer in our daily life?

FINDING. We recommend 'the Seven Circles of Prayer'. Start from here.

2.12 What are the values in our secular world that can nourish Christian faith?

ONGOING. See an introduction to this line of inquiry here.


"HOW TO MAKE SENSE OF GOD" by John Wijngaards, Sheed & Ward (USA) and Housetop (UK) 1995.
Won a Catholic Press Association of America award in 1996. Indian edition in 1998. Has been translated into Dutch (Kok, Kampen 1999).
UK edition
"GOD WITHIN US" by John Wijngaards, Collins Fount Original, London 1988, 176 pgs; USA edition: Templegate, Illinois 1990. UK edition
"THE SEVEN CIRCLES OF PRAYER" by John Wijngaards, McCrimmon, Great Wakering 1987, 46 pp. UK edition
"EXPERIENCING JESUS" by John Wijngaards, “Scripture, the witness of saints and mystics, and a life of prayer show the way”, Ave Maria Press, Notre Dame Indiana 1981 (2 printings totalling 26,000 copies), 176 pgs.
Published in India as Come and See, TPI, Bangalore 1981 (3 prints, 15,000 copies). Chinese edition, Hong Kong 1984; Philippino edition, Divine Word Publications, Manila 1987; Dutch edition, Unistad, Antwerp 1991.
UK edition


We welcome any contributions to our lines of inquiry, whether in the form of observations, critiques, submission of new material or the suggestion of other topics for research.